Neotropical: This lizard occurs at low and moderate elevations
on the Gulf slope from southern Tamaulipas and the Pacific slope
from Oaxaca, south and eastward into the Yucatán Peninsula.
Physical characteristics: Moderately
large lizard with an extremely long tail. The length of the body
averages 12-13 cm. The body is compressed laterally and the tail
is 3.5 times the length of the head and body. The toes are large
and slender. Femoral pores are absent. The head is broad, the dorsal
surface is flat and the occipital region projects as an occipital
casque. A series of elonged conical spines borders the posterior
margin of the casque. This lizards are usually green but are capable
of a rapid change of color from green to brown. In the green phase
the ground color is light green with 4 to 6 dark brown bands, the
ventral surface of the body is generally lighter green than the
dorsum, a conspicuous white or cream stripe extends from the axils
to the groin on ventrolateral surfaces.The sutures of the supralabial
scales bear dark brown spots. In the brown phase, the light green
ground color changes to a light or medium tan.
Food habits: Sit and wait predators
of invertebrates, primarily insects, although some individuals have
been reported to feed on snail, lizards and frogs.
Reproduction: This lizard is oviparous
, the nests are shallow excavations at bases of trees or eggs are
deposited beneath surface debris. The clutch size ranges from 3
to 7 eggs, oviposition occurs in spring or early summer and hatchlings
appear in late summer.
Behavior: This lizards are diurnal
and can be found on shrubs at heights of 1 to 2 m. , they are occasionally
seen running bipedally across roads. They are slow and ungainly
and rely on crypsis to avoid detection.
Habitat: Inhabitants of lowland
tropical forest, arboreal and perching low on trunks of trees and
text: © Alfonso